Implementations of this interface represent various sections in the report template.
JasperReports works with templates that are structured into multiple sections, like any
traditional reporting tool. A report can contain the following
sections: background, title, summary, page header, page footer, last page footer,
column header and column footer. For each group defined in the report, there is a
corresponding group header section and group footer section.
At report-filling time, the engine iterates through the virtual
records of the supplied report data source and renders each report section when
appropriate, depending on each section's defined behavior.
For instance, the detail section is rendered for each record in the data source. When page
breaks occur, the page header and page footer sections are rendered as needed.
Sections are made of one or more bands. Bands are portions of the report template that
have a specified height and width and can contain report elements like lines, rectangles,
images, and text fields. These bands are filled repeatedly at report-generating time and
make up the final document.
The entire structure of the report template is based on the following sections:
, <background> and <noData>.
All report sections are optional, but of course all useful templates must have at least
one such section.
This is the first section of the report. It is generated only once during the report-filling
process and represents the beginning of the resulting document.
The title section precedes even the page header section. To print the page header before
the title section, put the elements on the page header at the beginning of the title section
as well. One can suppress the actual page header on the first page using the
, based on the
The title section can be followed by a page break if the
at report level is set to true.
This section appears at the top of each page in the generated document.
This section appears at the top of each column in the generated document.
For each record in the data source, the engine tries to generate this section. The detail
section can be made of multiple bands.
This section appears at the bottom of each column in the generated document. It never
stretches downward to acquire the content of its containing text fields. Its rendering
position is controlled by the
flag declared at report template
This section appears at the bottom of each page in the generated document. Just like the
column footer section, the page footer never stretches downwards to acquire the content
of its containing text fields and always retains the declared fixed height.
This section is generated only once per report and appears at the end of the generated
document, but is not necessarily the last section generated. This is because in some cases
the column footer and/or page footer of the last page follows it.
One can have the summary
section start a new page of its own by setting the
to true at report template level.
Even if this attribute remains false, the summary section always starts a new page if it
does not fit on the remaining space of the last page, or if the report has more than one
column and it has already started a second column on the last page.
Last Page Footer
If present, this section replaces the normal page footer section, but only on the last
occurrence of the page footer, which might not be the last page if the summary is present
and it overflows on multiple pages or it is rendered alone on its own last page. So it
behaves more like the last
page footer than the footer of the last page
This is a special section that is rendered on all pages and its content placed underneath
all other report sections. Normal report sections are rendered one after the other, but the
background section does not interfere with the other report sections and can be used to
achieve watermark effects or to create the same background for all pages.
This is another special section that is generated only once per report and, under certain
conditions, its content will replace all the ordinary report's content.
Sometimes when the report data source is empty, is very useful to generate an equivalent
content, a notice, maybe, or an image, in order to replace all the empty zone. Especially
in the case of subreports, more useful is to replace all the subreport's content with an
section is defined in the report template, and if the data source is empty,
section will be the only one taken into account at fill time, and its
content will produce the report output.
This section marks the start of a new group in the resulting document. It is inserted in the
document every time the value of the group expression changes during the iteration
through the data source. The group header section is a multi-band section.
Every time a report group changes, the engine adds the corresponding group footer
section before starting the new group or when the report ends. The group footer section
is also a multi-band section.